Every child is different and will develop at their own pace, but there are some things that all children go through as they grow and develop. When a child’s development doesn’t follow the typical pattern, it can signify that something is wrong. One common disorder that can affect a child’s development is developmental dysplasia of the hip. Developmental dysplasia is a term used to describe problems with how a child’s bones and joints grow and develop. There are many ways that Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip can happen, but here are seven of the most common causes.
1.Hereditary Genetic Disorders
Some types of developmental dysplasia can be hereditary. It means that the disorder is passed down from parents to their children. Many different genes can cause developmental dysplasia. If a child has one of these genes, they will likely develop the disorder. For instance, most of the cases of Down Syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome 21 or trisomy 21. The extra chromosome disrupts the development of the baby’s brain and other vital organs. One result of this developmental disruption is that many babies with Down Syndrome are born with a form of dysplasia, which can affect nearly any part of their body.
2. Environmental Influence
Some environmental factors can increase the risk of developing developmental dysplasia. For example, if a pregnant woman smokes or drinks alcohol, her child is at an increased risk of developing the disorder. Exposure to certain chemicals and pollutants in these harmful products can have a devastating effect on a child. Smoking can damage bones, increase the risk of fractures, make osteoporosis more likely to happen, and increase the chances of developing dysplasia. Similarly, alcohol content can inhibit body absorption of nutrients needed for strong bone formation and development, which can also increase the chances of the child developing the disorder.
3. Infections During Pregnancy
Some evidence suggests infections during pregnancy may contribute to the development of dysplasia. One particular infection is cytomegalovirus (CMV). CMV is a virus that can cause serious illness in pregnant women and their unborn children. Infection with CMV during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing developmental dysplasia of the hip in the child. Fortunately, antiviral medications can treat cytomegalovirus. Pregnant women should get tested for cytomegalovirus early in their pregnancy so that they can receive treatment if necessary.
4. Uterus Abnormalities
Research has revealed that uterine abnormalities may also cause developmental dysplasia. There are many uterus abnormalities, and some are more common than others. Some uterine abnormalities can include things like fibroids, polyps, and endometriosis. If a woman has one of these conditions, her child is at an increased risk for developing developmental dysplasia.
5. Breech Birth
Breech birth is another factor that can increase the risk of developmental dysplasia of the hip. A breech birth occurs when the baby is born bottom first instead of the head. Studies have shown that babies born breech are at a higher risk of developing developmental dysplasia because their hips are not correctly positioned when the delicate baby is being pulled from the birth canal. Opting for a cesarean delivery can be a great alternative to preventing breech birth for the good of your child.
6. Premature Birth
Premature birth is a leading cause of death and disability in newborns. One of the most common complications associated with premature birth is developmental dysplasia. Premature babies are at an increased risk for developing the disorder because their bones and joints have not had enough time to develop correctly.
7. Low Birth Weight
Low birth weight is also a risk factor for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Low birth weight babies are often not fully developed, increasing their risk of developing the disorder by five times.
Developmental dysplasia is a severe condition that can cause problems with walking and talking. The good news is there are charities out there to help children who suffer from this disorder. Steps Worldwide have been helping families like yours for over 40 years. If you or someone close to you needs support because of developmental dysplasia of the hip, please reach out to them. They’re ready and waiting to lend an ear. The charity organization is highly reputable and aims and ensuring every child gets their limp positioning and functionality restored irrespective of the cause of the disorder.